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从福州贡院到中山堂

发布时间: 2020-04-14 来源:幸运六合_幸运六合时时彩-官方认证 字体: 【大】【中】 【小】

  gongyuanshikejushidaikaoshigongshidechangsuo。《cihai》jizai: “qingdaigongyuantongchangjianliyuchengneidongnanfang。damenzhengzhongxuan‘gongyuan’bian,damenneiyoulongmen,zaijinweizhigongtang。longmen、zhigongtangzhijianyoumingyuanlou,zhigongtangdongxiceweiwailian,zhigongtanghoujinyoumen,rumenweineilian。gongyuanliangpangjianhaoshe,yigongyingshizhejuzhu,beijingjidashengfanwanyujian,xiaoshengzeshuqianjian。yishushijianzhibaijianweiyilie,xingruzhangjuan,meijuanyong‘qianziwen’bianhaoshu(rutianzidijihao)。yingshizheruneijifenghaozha,sijiaojuanrifangkai。gongyuanwaiqiangpuyijingji,gongyuanyichengjiwei。”geshenggongyuanbujuyindieryi,yuanneijianzhuwumingchengyeyousuochabie。

  fuzhougongyuanzuoweifujianjuxingxiangshidechangsuo,zailiwenfangzhidong,jijingulouquzhongshanbeiluzhongshantangyidai。songdaishiyuanzaixuanzhengjie(qingdaianchasishudi,houweizongdushudi),minghongwushiqinian(1384)gaijianyuchengnanjunxuezhibei,chenghuaqinian(1471)youfujianbuzhengshizhuyingyijianjinzhi。zhengdeshiyinian(1516),xunfuyushiliuwenjinggouminjuyizhi,wanlisinian(1576)huiyuhuozai,cinianzhongjian。zhongweizhigongtang,houweihengjiantang、luncaitang、zhukaoguanfang。zhongweixixinting,dongxiweiwujingkaoguanfang。waidongweijianlingongsuo,xiweitidiaojianshigongshu。dongyou“duidu”“shoujuan”“mifeng”“neigongji”sisuo,xiyou“juanlu”“xunchuo”ersuo。zhigongtangqianweidongxiwenchang(shichang),zhongweimingyuanlou,xiyuyoulewanglou。damenqianyou“tiankaiwenyun”fang,dongxigeyoufang: yiyue“mingjingqushi”,yiyue“weiguoqiuxian”。dongweisansigongshu,xiweiwaigongjisuo,zhongyoudeng灜qiao。youyoufangyue“tianqu”“yunlu”“longmen”,dayutongqudadao。qingkangxishijiunian(1680)zhongxiu,sanshibanian(1699)、sishisinian(1705)、wushiliunian(1717)xianhouzengpiwenchang。qianlongjiunian(1744)yuci“pangqiujunyi”bian。qianlongshibanian(1753)zengjiantangshe、zenggaoqiangyuan、zhujiadao、shutonggouqu。gailongmenfangyuermennei,yitiankaiwenyunfangyujiulongmendi,gaishu“weiguoqiuxianmingjingqushi”fang。jiu“weiguoqiuxian”fang,gaiweiyunlufang。daoguangliunian(1826)zhongxiu,dongximinfangyiguanghaosheqianyujian,chejiuzhuanbaierxinzhi,zengtuogaoguang,gongshutangsuoxijiazengtuo。

幸运六合  fuzhougongyuancengjingdedaoqianlonghuangdiciyu“pangqiujunyi”debianeheyushuyinglian,lianyue: “lizhengdaiyingcai,shennaiyousi,zhirenzezhe;yuxiangongtianwei,xuzaiduoshi,guanguoliguang。”

幸运六合  fujianyouhenduolishimingrenzaigongyuanzhongju,ru: liguangdi、zhaoxin、chenruolin、liangzhangju、linzexu、linxu、cengzongyandeng。qingguangxusanshiyinian(1905),feichukeju,tichanglixian,jieshuzhangdayiqianduoniandekejuzhidu,fuzhougongyuanyinciyebeigaiweiziyijuhefujianshenglinshicanyihui。

  jinfuzhougongyuanduoyihui,jincunzhigongtang。zhigongtang,zaigulouquzhongshanlu23hao。qingguangxusanshinian(1904)gaijianweizhongxihebishihuitang。minguoyuannian(1912)siyueershiri,sunzhongshanzaizhigongtangdatingjiejianxueshengdaibiao,bingxiangfujianjunzhengjieyaoyuanfabiaoyanshuo。“xianzaixingyunliuhesuiyijianliminguo,danzheibuguoshigemingshiyedekaishi。”sunzhongshanshuo,huanghuagangminji20duoweilieshishifujianrenmindeguangrong,xiwangminrennengwanchenglieshiweijingzhizhi。weijiniansunzhongshan,1932niangongyuanchengdajiegaimingwei“zhongshanlu”,“zhigongtang”gaimingwei“zhongshantang”。

幸运六合  1998nianshengzhengfutongyifuzhouzhongshantangdexiufuheguanlishiyiyoumingefujianshengweihuifuze,xianhoubokuanjin300wanyuanyongyuzhongshantangdexiufu。mingefujianshengweihuicong2001nian6yueqijinxingquanmianluojiadaxiu,lishiyinian,shidezheizuogujianzhuzhongxinhuanfayuanyoudefengcai。2002nian,shirenquanguorendachangweihuifuweiyuanzhang、mingezhongyangzhuxiheluliqinbitixie“fuzhouzhongshanjiniantang”7gedazi。2009nian11yue,zhongshantangbeifujianshengrenminzhengfugongbuweidiqipishengjiwenwubaohudanwei。

  fuzhougongyuanqijianzhusuiduoyihuimei,danliuxiabushaomingrenshici。ruming

  linlian《gongyuanxincheng,shen、wuerfangboyaoyin》: “shijieshuangzhanxiachixiao,xinkaiwenyuanyitiaoyao。yanzhengsanfupijinkuai,cangcuiqianshanduijiuyao。fangyueyutingzishunju,yumaozhoushizhuxianzhao。zegonghuishoutaniantian,laoqubianzhoukuishengchao。”chenwenzhu《zhongqiumingyuanlouwanyue》: “jiweihexingdezhuipei,qixihuantongyueyekai。yingdaoheshanduojingse,hanjiongxingdoujianloutai。jiuxianbaojiankuilianxi,sandaolizhuraozuolai。bajiuhuihaoguangwanzhang,xuanzhiduyouziyuncai。”

 

作者: 黄荣春

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